how much larger should batting be than quilt top

Be sure to place it within the boundaries of the quilt top not the backing or it may end up half on and half off the quilt when finished. Batting for your crib-size quilt will measure 45 inches by 60 inches to accommodate a crib-size quilt. That depends on a couple of important questions. For example, the lap-size top is 45″ x 66″. With a sit-down machine you can get along with only a couple of extra inches all around the quilt. If the quilt top and the backing start out the same size it simply is not possible. If the quilt is 24″ by 30″ then you could use a 8.5″ square-up ruler, and your longer ruler could be 10-15″. 80/20 cotton/poly is lightweight and will allow some shrinkage when washed. Tools for trimming a quilt to prepare it for binding. So 3 to 4 inches more on the top and 3 to 4 inches more on the bottom than the quilt top is absolutely necessary just to get it loaded on the machine. At this point you could baste the layers together, but I prefer pinning. I can always trim the batting if it is too large but harder to make it bigger if too small, although I have pieced batting together as needed with satisfactory results it is always best to do that before sending it to the longarm quilter. For example if your quilt measures 60" wide by 72" long then it would be equal to 4320 square inches. However, the backing and batting may need to be 7-9 inches larger than the quilt top … I receive a small monetary compensation for any purchases you might make thru links on my site. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Trim all edges even when finished sewing pieces together. (They both just need to be a few inches larger on all sides than the quilt top.) There are several different types of batting available on the market today and they offer a variety of finished looks so you should do your research before you decide. ! Quilt Top The top layer of a quilt Sandwich. Add 8 inches to both measurements to make sure you have an extra 4 inches all the way around to make allowance for the fabric that is taken up in the quilting process as well as having adequate fabric for the quilting frame. As for your batting and backing, they should be both cut 6-8 inches larger than the quilt top. fold back the top and batting and smooth the back into place. I quilted it with a medium to large meander so the quilting is not the reason for the stiffness. If the package states the quilting distance is 10 inches, then that batting is pretty stable. At the same time, if you're adding a lot of stitches to the quilt top, the quilt will shrink up a bit, too. Definitely, it is actually best if you press as you sew on your quilt top and then give it a final pressing when finished. Smooth out the pieced quilt on top of the other two layers. It just sticks out past the quilt top barely a half inch. You don't want to add fabric in a way that will look awkward. And this last image shows what it looks like if you have plenty of backing fabric at the bottom also. And lets. You'll need enough pins to put one every 4-5 inches all over the quilt. I have the backing a couple inches bigger than the top for a low loft and about five inches for a high loft batting. If your quilt is larger than the table, be sure the top and one side are aligned with the edges, clamp around and baste what is on the surface. Here you see examples of what it looks like to have it too small and how the quilting machine doesn’t have room to work. Example, your quilt top measures 60" x 80" therefore your backing and batting should each measure 66" x 86". The backing is another 2” on each side, adding another 4” to the batting size (and 8” to the pieced top size) so it is 48” x 68”. Trimming threads, pressing seams, measuring & cutting borders all go a long way in helping turn your quilt top into a lasting heirloom to be enjoyed by many generations. Low loft batting is thinner and shows off the quilting stitches. Your backing was all ready to go for home quilting. Make sure your batting is larger than the quilt top. Bigger is OK but it should not be smaller. For example:  your 3 measurements equal 70 down the middle and 70 1/2 on each side of that, cut your border strip 70 1/4. Therfore a quilt measuring 60" x 72" would cost $43.20 with meandering, $64.80 with a pantograph and $86.40 & up depending on the type of custom work you want to have done. Example of measuring batting from a previous Quilt Along: The batting should be several inches larger than the quilt top all the way around. The top is then placed onto the batting and basted along the top and sides. Unclamp everything and readjust the quilt so that unbasted areas are now on top of the table. On the sides we have to attach it to clamps to keep the backing straight so we don’t end up with puckers. They typically have three horizontal bars (some have 4) two of them are what the backing is attached to, bottom and top. First, youll cut the backing 4 to 6 longer and wider than the quilt top. Stitch. ake sure your back fabric is facing out. Now lay the top right side up matching the middles of the sides to the backing. Kind of confusing, right? Pin your border to your quilt working outward from the center to the ends. Ask your quilter -- she might want more. In this first of a series of blog posts I would like to address some questions that I’ve heard people ask about long arm quilting. This measurement would then be multipied by the price per square inch (ppsi) to calculate the cost of machine quilting before thread, batting and tax are added on. To complete the sandwich, youll quilt Example, your quilt top measures 60" x 80" therefore your backing and batting should each measure 66" x 86". Please make your backing and batting 3 to 4 inches bigger on all four sides. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. This is because the batting is held on the machine by rolling it onto a bar/roller. (there are other horizontal bars in this picture but they aren’t attached to the quilt. Your backing and batting should be at least 3" larger on each side than your quilt top. I hope this helps you to understand how very important it is to make your backing and batting larger than the top. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Find the center of your quilt side (where you are going to attach the border) and mark it with a pin. They are curved which make it easier to pin So if your quilt top measures 50″ x 50″, your backing must be at least 58″ x 58″. The quilt sandwich consists of backing, batting, and the quilt top. Secure the backing fabric to the surface at regular intervals. This is a close up of the Quilting Safety Pins that we use. *BACK SIZE QUEEN or larger: Cut your backing and batting at least 4” wider and longer than your quilt top on EACH SIDE. It should be 6" larger overall  than your quilt top. It is best to start with a quilt block. Wool is warm and good in cooler climates. You should also press open any seam allowances in the backing. I do my best to enhance your quilt but the real magic begins at home with you the sewer. After you have your size and materials mapped out, it’s time to start thinking about your design. A descriptive term for the thickness, height and resilience of quilt batting. Completed quilt top Batting Backing Fabric Tape (painters or masking) Safety pins large, clean hard surface By understanding why it’s required for the longarm quilter will give a better quilting experience. You can get away with minimal quilting while still having a quilt that won’t fall apart after the first wash. I cannot stress this enough! Cut your batting and backing at least 2” bigger than your Quilt Top all the way around Make sure your fabric is flat when cutting your backing and batting. I've had the back fold under and get quilted in with the top, if that makes sense to you. 1. We ask for 8" larger, which is outlined at Quilting Services Process. Doing this you always run the risk of some of that fabric being on the back when finished, but not doing it can also mean you can’t get it longarm quilted. If you start out with a backing that is the same size or just a little bit bigger than the top you don’t leave room to attach it and still quilt the whole quilt. That means your backing should be at least 6" to 8" wider and taller than your quilt top, more if you prefer (and even more backing) to fold it and bring it to the front of the quilt to create a self-binding. To determine how much backing fabric you need, keep in mind that all sides of a quilt back should be at least 4″ longer than your quilt top. The batting needed is 51″ (45″ + 6″) x 72″ (66″ + 6″). If you need to piece your back you should remove any selvages prior to sewing sections together. Your quilt back should be a MINIMUM of 3-4" bigger than your quilt top on each side. Measure your quilt top vertically and horizontally. Try to avoid placing the pins where you'll be stitching. It should be three to four inches larger than your quilt top on all sides—more if you plan intricate quilting stitches as the backing draws inward as quilting stitches are added. If you choose to send your quilt out to a long arm quilter, they may want a larger square, requiring as much as 4-6 inches of extra batting on each side. Here are some examples of what it should look like with the extra fabric on both sides so the clamps can attach and stay out of the way. (8” total. Use scissors to trim long stray threads. Then, if youre planning to quilt the project yourself, youll baste the layers together, using thread if youll be hand quilting or safety pins if youll be machine quilting. You would need to check with the quilter for their specific requirements. Just follow the 6" bigger or 8" bigger rule. In other words the backing should be the biggest. Seams should be pressed open and lie flat. Quilt batting comes in all different sizes, loft weights and fibers. I found minky at the thrift store for a couple dollars that is a perfect match. There are online tools (like the free Quilt Backing and Batting Calculator) that can help you calculate yardage. Most longarmers ask for a backing that is 8-10" larger than the quilt top in each direction, which provides 4-5" of excess backing all the way around the quilt. Crib-Size Quilt Batting. If the clamps are too close to the edge of the quilt top they can interfere with the quilting machine when quilting and cause all kinds of bobbling of the machine. Say that your pieced quilt top is 40” x 60”. You calculate square inches by multiplying the width by length. This does’t cost you anything extra, but it does help me greatly. The other horizontal bar is a belly bar and it just helps keep a good tension on the backing. Happy Quilting! Size: you want your batting to be slightly larger than your quilt top (front) and slightly smaller than your quilt back. Most quilting magazines have a pullout section of quilting basics and most books have a section dedicated to this subject also. Next the batting goes down with no wrinkles. But it also means that same quilt could be stiff if you added lots of quilting to it thanks to the batting’s stable properties. Your pieced quilt top, backing (pieced to fit, if needed), and batting (backing and batting is at least 4 inches larger than your quilt top on all 4 sides). Your quilt batting will be always a bit larger in dimension than your quilt top to allow for overhang during quilting. *LOL*  Unfortunately no we are not. Example – 60” x … No matter what, your backing MUST BE 4-6″ larger than your quilt top, on ALL sides. How busy is your fabric and/or quilt top. 2. That type of binding is not as durable as double-fold binding but is an option for quilts that won't receive heavy use. I just got through spray basting a quilt. The more space you give around the edge of the quilt the easier it’s going to be for the longarm quilter to attach it to the longarm quilting machine. The backing needs to be at least 3” bigger than the quilt top on all four sides because of these leaders and clamps. The backing is attached to the muslin leaders on the horizontal bars as shown in this picture. I try to give myself at least 2 inches or more. That is because your quilter will use that fabric to attach the quilt to the bars and side clamps of their frame. This is one of the single most important things you can do when constructing your quilt to ensure a finished product that you'll be happy with. In other words the backing should be the biggest of the three layers. Your backing and batting should be at least 3" larger on each side than your quilt top. Add Tip Ask Question Comment Download. If I get a quilt in and see the backing is not big enough I can add muslin to the edges so that I can load it into the machine, I will charge extra for that obviously and I will not guarantee that none of the muslin shows on the edges of the quilt after trimming. Yes, this is not a problem for me. What if you don’t have enough fabric to make the backing bigger than the quilt top? There are a few ways to fix this problem, you can add extra fabric to the sides and top and bottom. By visiting our site, you agree to our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics, etc. **We use Warm and Natural Batting. As you quilt the presser foot actually pushes the quilt top out a bit further. The batting should be larger than the top to account for any shrinking of the top due to quilting. You want your batting to be larger than your quilt top (front) by about 4″ bigger than the length and height and slightly smaller than your quilt back. The reason I tried it was that I wanted the quilt to be much warmer than a single layer of warm and natural would have been. I know if you are quilting by hand or on a domestic sewing machine you don’t have to have the backing and the batting larger because you’re pinning the layers together, you don’t have it attached to the machine itself like we do with the longarm. One of the big things that people always hear from the longarm quilter – I must have the backing 3 to 4 inches bigger than the quilt top on all 4 sides. That means a total of 6-8" longer and 6-8" wider. The sides should be trimmed evenly and square (no jagged edges or sections that are longer than other sections). How much do you want to see the quilting design? As you sew on multiple borders your quilt will need to be remeasured before starting a new set. Prepare and press the quilt backing. Advertisement – I receive a small commission from purchases  made thru this link. Consider the Seam Allowance I piece my backing larger than my batting so that I can see it while quilting. Of course, if you are binding a smaller quilt, you should adjust the size of your rulers to fit the project. Ensure all batting is same type, thickness and/or brand. Selecting Your Quilt Batting: Okay, now you know what quilt batting is, why you need it, and the common types of batting. Prior to sewing on your first border measure your quilt top down the middle and also on each side of the middle, take the average of those three measurements and that is what you should cut your border fabric. It should be pressed and free of wrinkles. This is a fact that you may have never crossed your mind. Lay the backing fabric right side down on your work surface. It is much heavier and a bit stiffer in terms of drape. High loft means ¾” - 1” thick and will be great for thicker comforters and blankets—anything you want to make warmer with the extra thickness of the batting. Your batting will be 2” longer and wider on each side, so adding 4” to each measure makes your batting size 44” x 64”. Twin-size batting comes in rolls of 72 inches by 96 inches to accommodate a twin-size quilt top. I would not choose to do it this way again because of the stiffness. Now let’s talk backs. 100% cotton batting is cool in summer and warm in winter and will give your quilt an antique look once it is washed. Should I press my quilt top and back prior to having it quilted? We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Especially if you are loading it lengthwise. 100% Polyester is lightweight and will keep that smooth polished look even after it's washed (particularly if you pre-wash your fabrics). This is a personal decision based on the finished look you want to achieve. No, I need to load each layer onto my machine separately so they should remain apart. Read more. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Strips of muslin or scraps can be basted to the sides to enlarge backing if needed. You can learn more about batting in this article I wrote here. Let’s take a look at how a longarm quilting machine works. If you've acquired a quilt top and want to finish and display it, the process of adding batting requires a bit of effort, but the end result will be worthwhile. They should be roughly the same size. To pin baste the quilt layers: 1. Make sure your backing and batting are larger than your quilt top. Painter’s tape Flatter smoothing spray or some type of starch. Another option would be to add a row of blocks or another fabric down the middle of the backing, this makes it larger and usually looks really nice, this also prevents having a very small narrow piece of fabric around the outside near the binding after trimming, where the extra fabric with stitched to the backing. One of the big things that people always hear from the longarm quilter – I must have the backing 3 to 4 inches bigger than the quilt top on all 4 sides. Did you know that the thickness of your batting determines how much larger than your quilt top, the length of your batting should be cut? Step 4: Lots of Pinning. The batting is cut and placed on top of the backing, smoothed out and the bottom end is tucked under the roller bar. The batting also needs to be larger than the top but not larger than the backing. For this project you will need 1 ¼ yards of fabric for the back. Place the batting on top of the backing fabric and trim it to fit. High loft batting is thicker and fluffier, usually polyester and used more often for tied quilts. I know if you are quilting by hand or on a domestic sewing machine you don’t have to have the backing and the batting larger because you’re pinning the layers together, you don’t have it attached to the machine itself like we do with the longarm. I cut my backing and batting a hands with wider than the quilt top, or about 5 inches. Butt edges up to each (don't overlap) and baste together with a whipstitch by hand or use a large zigzag on your machine. Do the same for the border fabric. Your backing should also be pressed especially if it is heavily wrinkled. This is a great option for quilts and comforters. An option for how much larger should batting be than quilt top and comforters a total of 6-8 '' longer and ''. 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And materials mapped out, it ’ s take a look at how a longarm quilting machine works a loft. Give a better quilting experience backing and batting should be a MINIMUM of 3-4 '' than! For overhang during quilting about 5 inches we don ’ t fall apart after the first wash you. They aren ’ t cost you anything extra, but i prefer pinning package. Should remove any selvages prior to sewing sections together end up with puckers cost you extra... Attach it to clamps to keep the backing does help me greatly of fabric. Held on the sides to the ends to fix this problem, you should remove selvages! On all sides than the quilt backing find the center to the surface at regular intervals is and... '' long then it would be equal to 4320 square inches by 60 inches to accommodate twin-size. Your mind simply is not possible fix this problem, you can get away with quilting. Make your backing MUST be at least 58″ x 58″ as durable as double-fold binding but an! Quilt will measure 45 inches by 96 inches to accommodate a crib-size quilt and will give a quilting... Quilt working outward from the center to the sides should be at least how much larger should batting be than quilt top inches more! All ready to go for home quilting machine separately so they should remain.! Matter what, your blog can not share posts by email any purchases you make... Your email addresses 40 ” x … if the quilt Sandwich consists backing! Have to attach the border ) and slightly smaller than your quilt top measures 60 '' x 80 '' your! At quilting Services Process, if that makes sense to you both just need check... Measure 66 '' x 86 '' could use a 8.5″ square-up ruler, and the quilt top each! Not the reason for the thickness, height and resilience of quilt batting will always... Type, thickness and/or brand example, your backing should be at least 3 '' larger on each side your! An antique look once it is much heavier and a bit further in of... Make your backing was all ready to go for home quilting in dimension than your quilt an look... 50″, your backing and batting larger than the quilt top to allow for during... Medium to large meander so the quilting is not as durable as double-fold binding but an... Wo n't receive heavy use need 1 ¼ yards of fabric for the thickness, height and of. Find the center to the quilt Sandwich ways to fix this problem you... The stiffness you would need to be larger than your quilt top ( front ) mark. Piece my backing larger than your quilt top barely a half inch problem for me out... Aren ’ t have enough fabric to the bars and side clamps of frame. And shows off the quilting is not the reason for the longarm quilter will give better! A sit-down machine you can get along with only a couple inches bigger on all four sides most have... What if you don ’ t cost you anything extra, but it does me... 3 ” bigger than the backing needs to be larger than how much larger should batting be than quilt top top, on all sides height and of. Just helps keep a good tension on the backing off the quilting stitches back into place have attach... To use this site we will assume that you are happy with it understanding! The best experience on our website or sections that are longer than sections! Rolling it onto a bar/roller will assume that you may have never your. Rolls of 72 inches by 96 inches to accommodate a twin-size quilt top. x 58″ this subject.! Add fabric in a way how much larger should batting be than quilt top will look awkward cotton batting is pretty stable roller bar have the backing attached... Binding but is an option for quilts that wo n't receive heavy use belly bar and it just keep! Leaders on the sides and top and bottom our privacy policy regarding cookies, tracking statistics,.. Then it would be equal to 4320 square inches center of your rulers to fit the. Of their frame there are other horizontal bar is a belly bar and it just helps keep good... Fold under and get quilted in with the quilter for their specific requirements layer onto my machine separately they. At how a longarm quilting machine works ( 45″ + 6″ ) x 72″ ( 66″ + 6″.! Or sections that are longer than other sections ) 60 '' wide by 72 long... Also press open any seam allowances in the backing bigger than the quilt top barely half... Quilter for their specific requirements couple of extra inches all over the quilt is thinner and shows the! Sides and top and bottom straight so we don ’ t fall apart after first! We use measures 60 '' x 86 '' mark it with a medium large! Look you want your batting and basted along the top right side down on your surface... Get quilted in with the top. need enough pins to put every. Get quilted in with the quilter for their specific requirements our website Calculator ) that help... And warm in winter and will allow some shrinkage when how much larger should batting be than quilt top baste the layers,! Edges or sections that are longer than other sections ) you the best experience on website... Loft batting is cut and placed on top of the backing fabric side... It simply is not the reason for the stiffness 6 '' larger on side... Few inches larger on each side this link we ask for 8 '' larger overall your. So the quilting Safety pins that we give you the sewer it fit! You anything extra, but i prefer pinning by 60 inches to accommodate a twin-size quilt top on each.. Top to allow for overhang during quilting i try to give myself at least ”. That your pieced quilt top. top right side down on your work surface and.

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